EngineeringModeling & TestingA2P1073: ASTM Standards and Physical Testing: A2P’s Commitment to Excellence

September 27, 2023


At Advanced Architectural Products (A2P), the standard for quality in the construction industry has been long established by our organization. Our commitment to excellence is evident through the rigorous testing procedures and the strict adherence to a wide range of industry requirements and regulations that we consistently employ. A comprehensive technical report is made readily available, showcasing the meticulous attention to detail we dedicate to ensuring our products not only meet but exceed the expectations set forth by no fewer than 13 ASTM standards.

These globally recognized standards, which have been set by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), define the broad range of stringent criteria and practices necessary to achieve industry excellence. Through our unwavering compliance with these standards, we are able to provide a robust validation of the exceptional quality and unparalleled versatility that our products offer the world. In this article, we will delve into three of the 13 technical standards used as part of our esteemed Physical Testing program. We invite you to join us as we explore the intricate testing practices involved in evaluating building envelope air leakage, assessing structural performance, and determining water penetration capabilities.

ASTM E-283: Ensuring Air-Tight Excellence

In the pursuit of energy efficiency standards compliance and optimal comfort, the rate of air leakage through exterior windows, curtain walls, and doors is a critical factor that must be meticulously evaluated. This is precisely the goal of ASTM E-283, a comprehensive standard that sets out to become standard practice to determine the air leakage rate of these components. By adhering to this standard, our company ensures that our products meet the stringent requirements necessary for sustainability and quality construction.

The test methods employed under the ASTM standard E-283 involve sealing the specimen in a chamber and subjecting it to a specified pressure difference. Through these testing methods, precise calibration and meticulous measurement at various pressure levels, we are able to quantitatively determine the rate of air leakage, typically measured in cubic feet per minute per square foot (cfm/ft²).

The results obtained from this rigorous testing process go beyond more numerical values. They serve as a testament to the material’s ability to resist air infiltration, a process which has a direct impact on insulation and energy efficiency systems. A lower leakage rate signifies superior performance, resulting in long-term savings and significant environmental benefits. In essence, ASTM E-283 standards as a beacon of safety and quality assurance, guiding the construction industry towards a future where buildings are not only robust but also responsible and resource-efficient.

ASTM E-330: Fortifying Structural Integrity

The objective of ASTM E-330 is the evaluation of the structural performance of exterior windows, doors, skylights, and curtain walls under uniform static air pressure difference. This is an essential facet in assessing a building’s ability to withstand wind loads. The aim is to have technical standards to guarantee that these components satisfy the mandatory performance criteria for structural stability, thereby contributing the safety and resilience of the construction.

The methods and process of testing encompass the sealing of the specimen in a chamber and the application of a uniform static air pressure difference, simulating wind forces. The pressure is augmented gradually, and the deflection and permanent deformation of the specimen are meticulously measured and documented.

Results obtained from this test extend beyond mere measurements. They serve as a reflection of the structural integrity of the tested materials and components. Successful outcomes from the material specifications in the test indicate that the materials have the capacity to endure specified wind loads without excessive deflection or permanent deformation, thereby ensuring a building’s strength against natural forces. In essence, ASTM E-330 stands as a pillar of quality assurance, leading the construction industry toward a future where buildings are not only aesthetically appealing but also structurally sound and enduring.

In the execution of ASTM E-330, the test specimen is sealed into or against one face of a test chamber. Air is either supplied or exhausted from the chamber according to a specific, test method and pressure loading program. This is done at a rate required to maintain the test pressure difference across the specimen. The deflection, deformations, and any other characteristics of distress or failures of the specimen are observed, measured, and recorded. For AAMA/ASTM requirements, the loads and test method are held constant for a 10-second duration, and then the pressure is released.

In conclusion, through the rigorous application and compliance of the ASTM standard E-330, structural integrity is enhanced, protection against natural forces is provided and resilience in construction is bolstered. With these aspects firmly established, attention can now be turned to another crucial standard: the ASTM standard E-331. This standard focuses on the determination of water penetration capabilities, offering another layer of quality assurance in the construction industry.

ASTM E-331: Shielding Against Water Penetration

The objective of ASTM E-331 is the meticulous assessment of the resistance to water penetration exhibited by exterior windows, skylights, doors, and curtain walls under uniform static air pressure differences. This is an essential factor in preserving the integrity, comfort, safety and longevity of a structure. The purpose of this standard extends beyond mere testing of physical properties; it guarantees that these fundamental components are capable of effectively preventing water ingress, thereby contributing to the overall durability, functionality, and safety of the building.

The methods of testing are precise and have been carefully developed and orchestrated. The specimen material is enclosed within a chamber, and a uniform static air pressure difference is applied to simulate the impacts of wind-driven rain. Water is projected onto the exterior surface at a controlled rate, and the interior is meticulously scrutinized for any indications of water penetration, including droplets, dampness, or flow patterns.

The outcomes of this test extend beyond simple observations; they symbolize the water tightness of the tested materials, systems and components. Measurements and observations are documented, and a successful test implies that the testing materials used are capable of withstanding the specified water exposure without leakage. This success is not merely a technical achievement; it is a promise of quality, offering assurance of a dry, secure, and well-protected interior environment.

It is important to note that this standard forms a vital part of the comprehensive suite of regulations within the ASTM standards and tests undertaken to guarantee the performance and durability of construction materials.


A2P’s dedication to this level of quality assurance has earned us the trust of architects, engineers, and builders worldwide. By adhering to ASTM standards worldwide – the globally recognized benchmarks for international standards for quality and safety – we ensure that our products can withstand the harshest of climates without compromising their structural integrity. Our products are not only reliable and durable but also contribute to the overall efficiency and sustainability of buildings, making us an integral part of many successful construction projects.

Yet this status as an industry-leading building materials and systems manufacturer does not make us complacent. A2P’s standing as a trusted partner in the construction industry is a testament to our unwavering commitment to excellence, our proven technical prowess, and our focus on customer satisfaction. As we look towards the future, we remain dedicated to pushing the boundaries of building material science, one innovative material and solution at a time.

Give us a call at (269) 355-1818 to learn more about our physical testing, or be sure to visit our website!


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